Art

   In ancient Egypt, monumental and most private art was designed for religious rather than decorative purposes. The statue was originally developed as a substitute home for the spirit in the afterlife, and later statues were also placed in temples where the name of the deceased could be read, causing the deceased to live again. The block statue, which first appeared in the early Middle Kingdom, was particularly favored because of the amount of space available for text. Incised reliefs and wall paintings in tombs depicted the goods and activities the deceased wished to enjoy in the next life. Royal reliefs on temple walls showed the majesty and power of the king and the beneficence of the gods. Most statues and reliefs were in fact painted, but much of this paint has worn away.
   Egyptian artists worked to a canon of proportions for the human figure. Astandard style was set by the royal court, although regional variations appeared during the First Intermediate Period, Second Intermediate Period, and Third Intermediate Period, when central government and artistic patronage had broken down. Egyptian art was not static, as the canon of proportions varied over time. The most obvious change occurred during the Amarna Period, when the canon was changed and the human figure was depicted in an exaggerated style with a long, narrow neck and full hips. During the Late Period, artists drew inspiration from the works of the Old Kingdom and Middle Kingdom.
   Very little decoration in royal and private buildings survives. The remaining fragments of tiles and frescoes show that the decorative scheme of the royal palace sought to display the might of the sovereign as a conqueror, although more intimate scenes are known from the Amarna Period. Egyptian craftsmen were adept in the production of such small, functional objects as cosmetic spoons and other toiletry objects in a highly decorative form.
   See also Sphinx; Stone; Thutmose.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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  • art —    For numerous reasons, the most difficult word to define without starting endless argument! Many definitions have been proposed. At least art involves a degree of human involvement through manual skills or thought as with the word artificial,… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • art — art …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • art — [ ar ] n. m. • Xe, d ab. « science, savoir », puis « moyen, méthode »; lat. ars, artis; souv. fém. jusqu au XVIe I ♦ Ensemble de moyens, de procédés réglés qui tendent à une fin. 1 ♦ (1160) Vx Moyen d obtenir un résultat (par l effet d aptitudes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • art — 1. (ar ; le t ne se lie pas : l art oratoire, dites : ar oratoire, et non l ar t oratoire ; au pluriel l s ne se lie pas, les arts et les sciences, dites : les ar et les sciences ; cependant cette liaison plaît à quelques uns, qui disent : les ar …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • art — ART. s. m. Méthode pour faire un ouvrage selon certaines règles. Art noble. Art vil et abject. Savoir un art. Savoir l art. Les termes de l art. Les préceptes de l art. Les règles de l art, les procédés de l art. Les secrets de l art. Le sublime… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • art — ART. s. m. La regle & la methode de bien faire un ouvrage. Arts liberaux. Arts mechaniques. les sept Arts liberaux. Art noble. Art vil & abjet. sçavoir un Art. sçavoir l Art. les termes de l Art. les preceptes de l Art. reduire quelque chose en… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • art — n 1 Art, skill, cunning, artifice, craft can mean the faculty of performing or executing expertly what is planned or devised. Art is not actually a comprehensive term but is so variable in its implications that it is interchangeable with any one… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • art — art; art·ful; art·ful·ly; art·ful·ness; art·i·ly; art·i·ness; art·ist; art·ist·ry; art·less; art·less·ly; art·less·ness; art·o·gra·vure; land·art; ly·art; stew·art·ite; stew·art·ry; stew·art; tu·art; art·mo·bile; stu·art; …   English syllables

  • art — Art, Ars, Artificium, Techna. Ars liberaux, Artes ingenuae. L art de tailler images, Statuaria ars. Art magique et d enchanterie, Magice, magices, Magia, magiae. Appartenant à art Magique, Magicus. Art de Musique, Musica ars. L art de nombrer et… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Art — ([aum]rt), n. [F. art, L. ars, artis, orig., skill in joining or fitting; prob. akin to E. arm, aristocrat, article.] 1. The employment of means to accomplish some desired end; the adaptation of things in the natural world to the uses of life;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Art — bezeichnet: Art (Biologie), Grundeinheit der biologischen Systematik Art (Philosophie), Begriff, der aus gemeinsamen Merkmalen von Individualbegriffen gebildet ist Art (Texas), Ort in den USA art – Das Kunstmagazin, deutsche Zeitschrift Art… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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